RMotion doc

June 22 2010

RMotion provides a simple interface to build motion detection software in ruby. At the moment it’s still under test, i need to try it with different webcams before releasing it. If you have a webcam that works on linux and would like to try it now just drop me an email!

Last time i showed up with a demo of car motion detection with some noise and green cells to mark movements. Now RMotion is much more configurable, both noise selection and output marking are customizable. This is how RMotion runs with default options: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HNL-2pNkuSo

Now let’s see in irb some configuration options. Require the lib, instantiate the main object and print default options:

irb(main):001:0> require 'rmotion'
=> true
irb(main):002:0> m=Motion.new
=> #<Motion:0xb74d14a0>
irb(main):003:0> m.show?
=> true
irb(main):004:0> m.write?
=> false
irb(main):005:0> m.fft?
=> true

show, write and fft are the most important options. When show is true the video analyzed is also displayed in a window. You can set write to a string (a filename) to save the video analyzed to a file! Both displayed and saved video will have motion detection markings on it, like the video i just showed to you.

fft manages how the video frames are processed (fast fourier transform or direct): i recommend to set it always true, except in case your cpu isn’t fast enough to follow the stream in realtime. Soon i’ll post an in-depth analysis of what’s the difference between fft=true and fft=false.

irb(main):006:0> m.fill?
=> true
irb(main):007:0> m.rect?
=> false
irb(main):008:0> m.point?
=> false

Next group of options is about output frames: fill default true behaves like the previous video, rect draws rectangles around moving objects and point draws instead a small circle centered on the object. Let’s see them! Note that i can swap them live! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0LQIt0XiWqE

irb(main):012:0> m.threshold_fft?
=> 1.0
irb(main):013:0> m.threshold_direct?
=> 8.0
irb(main):014:0> m.threshold_distance?
=> 9.0
irb(main):015:0> m.threshold_group?
=> 20

threshold_fft and threshold_direct values influence what is recognized as noise and what as an object. Note that they are used in a mutually exclusive way: if fft is true then threshold_direct won’t affect result. Same for fft as false and threshold_fft. Play with those value to fit your enviroment (light, object speed..).

threshold_distance and threshold_group also have a role on recognizing objects: an object is a group of al least group cells distant each other no more than distance. So you can choose min size of objects and spread of cells. Cells are a group of pixel determined dynamically on camera resolution, so don’t worry about it.

Next time i’ll talk about capture loop and Entities.

I am Riccardo, I studied computer engineering at the University of Trieste (Italy) and then got a M.Sc. in the same field at the University of Stuttgart (Germany). I now live in Zurich, Switzerland.

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